World Machine中文翻译帮助手册

  2. Devices and the Device Workspace 设备和设备工作区

  2.1: Devices设备

  A Device represents an action. In World Machine, devices are visualized as small, colored boxes:

 一个设备代表了一个功能. 在World Machine里, 设备被看做是最小的可视化颜色盒子:

   device

  A device has Ports. A port is simply a place where terrain data can move in or out of a device. These can be divided into two main categories: inputs and outputs. Inputs are on the left side of the device, and bring data into a device to be acted on. After the action of the device takes place, the data is then taken out of the device via an output, on the right side. Lastly, some devices have a mask input port, which allows you to control the device's area of influence.

 设备都有端口.端口可以非常简单的将地形数据移动到其他设备上.分为:输出和输入两大类。左边的是输入,可以对输入的数据起作用.设备操作发生后,数据被输出到右边的端口.最后,还有一些控制设备区域的遮罩输入端口

  There is one other type of port in World Machine, called a parameter port. These are located along the top edge of the device, and allow advanced users to adjust the settings of a device from a different one. Use of Parameter Ports is covered later in the manual.

 在World machine里还有一些其他类型的端口,称为参数端口,位于设备的顶部边缘,特殊用户可以根据调整设置,怎么使用这些参数端口,手册后面有详细介绍

  You can separate devices into three broad categories: In the World Machine system, terrains are:

你可以将设备分为三大类:在 World Machine 系统中,地形是:

  Created by Generator devices;

创建通过“Generator”设备;

 Modified by Filter & Combiner devices;

修改通过“Filter” 和 ”Combiner“设备;

  Saved by Output devices.

保存通过 “Output” 设备.

  Each type of device has a different responsibility. Generators are devices that produce the basic terrain. The output of a generator can be either used directly, OR routed into the input of a Filter device to shape, change, and otherwise influence the terrain. Finally, Outputs are used to save the created terrain to disk.

每个不同类型的设备都有不同的职责. "Generators"设备是地形生成的基础设备.Generators输出的可以直接被使用.或者接入到一个”Filter“设备再次塑造,改变地形.最后通过”Outputs“ 保存地形到磁盘.

  2.2 Working with Devices设备工作区

   Device Workview is the primary means of interacting with World Machine. It contains all of the devices in the current world, and the connections between them.

  Device Workview 是与World Machine起主要作用的,它包含所有设备在world machine 之间的连接

  

Device Workview

  The Device Workview can be selected from the Command Bar, or by pressing F5.

   Device Workview可以从命令工具栏中选择或者F5.

 

  Device Build Status:设备创建状态

  

  Devices in World Machine always have a build status; this tells you if the device is connected properly and if it has been built yet.

  设备在 World Machine中总是有一个创建状态; 并且告诉你如果设备被正确的关联,该设备就已经被创建了.

  

World Machine

  Pictured above are three devices in various build states. The build state is shown by the colored rectangle just to the left of the device name.

上面的图有三个不同的创建状态. 设备名称的左边矩形颜色的就是显示创建的状态. 

  Green Status: The device is properly connected and Build results exist for the device.

  绿色状态:设备已经正确的被连接.创建结果已经存在于该设备中.

  Yellow Status: The device is properly connected, however it has not yet been built.

  黄色状态:设备已经正确的被连接.然而设备没有被创建

  Red Status: The device is unconnected, or its inputs are otherwise not sending data.

  红色状态:设备没有被连接.并且输出不发送数据

  You can make a device go from red to yellow status by connecting any required inputs.

  你可以通过连接另一个设备来输入让这个设备状态从红色--黄色.

  You can make a device go from yellow to green by building the world with the Build World Command.

  你可以通过这个"Build"世界创建命令创建世界,使设备状态从黄色--绿色,.

  Adding Devices:添加设备

  

 

  To add a device to the world, you can select one from either the menu bar, or the parts toolbar. To select a device from the menu, simply go to Heightfield Operators, select the category of device you wish to add, and then a device from that Category.

   要添加一个设备到世界中,你可以从工具栏或菜单栏中选择,更直接的操作“Heightfield” 选择你希望添加的设备种类 .

  

 add a device

  Alternatively, and more conveniently, you can select any device from the parts toolbar.

  二选一的话.其实更方便的是从工具栏中选择设备.

 
 toolbar

  Once a device is ready to be placed into the world, the mouse cursor will have a + sign next to it in the workview. Clicking the left mouse button anywhere in the workview will place that device there. You may place multiple devices of the same type simply by clicking multiple times in an empty region of the workview. You may stop placing devices by either right clicking, or clicking on any device present in the world.

  一旦设备被选中放到世界里,光标接下来有一个“+”的记号,在工作视图中.鼠标左键点击工作视图中的任何一个位置来放置设备.你也可以多次点击空白的区域来放置更多的设备.你也可以鼠标右键点击取消设备,或者点击存在世界中的其他设备.

  Connecting Devices:连接设备

  

 

  To connect two devices together, you must wire an output port on one device to an input port on another, or vice versa. To do this, click on one of the ports. A wire will become attached to that port on one end, and the mouse cursor on the other. All ports will disappear except the ports that you are allowed to wire that device to.

  对于两个设备的连接,你必须通过线从一个输出端口到一个输入端口,反之亦然.要这么做,点击一个端口.一条线将会依赖于鼠标到端口的一端,这时所有的端口都将会消失,除了能被允许用的设备端口以外.

  

connect two devices

  Once you have clicked on both ports there should now be a wire connecting the two devices, if there is not then either you attempted to wire an incorrect combination or you missed the port you were trying to connect to.

  你过你已经点击了两个端口,那么现在就会出现一条线连接两个设备.如果没有,说明这不是你认为正确的组合,或者,你偏离了需要连接的端口.

  Connecting an output multiple times 多输出端口连接

  You can connect a single output port to many different devices, eliminating the need for the Splitter device of World Machine 1.x. Simply click on the port again and begin wiring.

 您可以将一个输出端口连接到许多不同的设备.消除了在World Machine 1.x 中需要分流器设备的限制,只需再次点击端口就又可以开始布线

  Editing a Device's Properties:编辑设备的属性:

  To change the properties of a device, simply double click it in the workview. A dialog will appear that allows you to change the parameters and settings of the device. The Leftside preview will show you the results of any adjustments you make.

  想要改变设备的属性,简单的方法就是在工作视图中双击设备.之后将会出现一个应用程序对话框,然后你就可以来设置,改变设备的属性了,在左侧栏,你将会看到当前设备调整结果的状态.

  Deleting Devices:删除设备:

  To delete a device, simply select it and then choose Delete Device from the Edit menu, or simply hit the Delete key. By default, you will be prompted to confirm the decision to delete the device – if you wish to avoid this prompt, hold the shift key while you hit Delete.

  想要删除一个设备,简单的方法是从编辑菜单中选择删除,或者按键盘“Delete”键删除.默认情况下,你会看到一个删除设备的提示确认,如果你希望不想他出现,你可以按住“Shift”键并删除

  

 

  Selecting & Moving Devices:选择移动设备:

  

Moving Devices

  You may select a single device by simply clicking it.

  你可以选择一个设备并很容易的点击它.

  You may add another device to the selection by holding SHIFT and clicking on that device.

  按住“Shift”键你可以选择多个设备.

  Clicking a selected device with shift held will toggle it out of the selection.

   点击选择设备并按住“shift”键可以自由切换选择设备

  You may select multiple devices at once by drag-selecting a group of devices, by holding down the mouse button and drawing a box around the devices you wish to select.

  按住鼠标拖拽出一个框.可以选择多个设备

  Holding down shift while drag-selecting will add the drag-selected group to the currently selected devices.

  按住“shift”键可以框选多组设备.

  You may move any selected device(s) by simply clicking and dragging on the device.

   你可以通过点击拖动来移动设备.

  Device Context Menu:设备描述菜单

  

Context Menu

  Right clicking on any device will bring up the device menu:

  右键点击任意设备将带出设备菜单:

  View output: Swaps the main view to the last-used view (2D or 3D view) to view the build results at this device.

   View output:交换主视图到2D 或 3D视图 来显示设备的创建结果.

  Lock Preview on Device: Freezes the preview on the currently selected device.

  Lock Preview on Device: 冻结当前选择的设备.

  Set device display hint: Control how WM displays the terrain. See the section below for more detail.

 Set device display hint: 控制WM如何显示地形.参见下面部分的更多细节.

  Set Name: Renames the device.

  Set Name: 重命名设备.

  Set Properties: Sets the properties of the device (same as double-clicking).

  Set Properties: 设置设备属性(可以双击).

  Disconnect Device: Remove all wires from this device so that it is isolated from the rest of the network.

   Disconnect Device: 移除设备上所有的线,以便于和其他的网路隔开.

  Disable Device: Disables the device. A disabled device is grayed out, and will not be activated when the world is build. Any devices depending on its output will also fail to build. Selecting this again will re-enable the device.

  Disable Device: 无效设备.无效的设备是灰色的不可选的,世界构建时是不会被激活的,任何基于输出的设备也将无法创建,重新选择可以再次激活设备

  Bypass Device: Bypassing a device temporarily makes the device perform no action. This can be very useful for judging the effects of a device on a network by toggling bypass mode on and off for that device.

  Bypass Device: 忽略避开设备临时地使设备不执行如何操作.这是非常有用的对于判断此设备是否在网路上是可用的,通过忽略设备菜单来选择关闭或启用设备

  Delete Device: Deletes the device.

  Delete Device: 删除设备.

  Convert Devices into Macro: Converts the selected device(s) to a macro. Any links leading into or out of the collection of selected devices are converted to macro ports. See Chapter 8: Macros for more information.

  Convert Devices into Macro:转化所选设备到宏.任意一个连接引起的或从选择的设备中采集的都被转换成宏端口.参看第8章宏的更多信息

  Group Devices: Create a new group around the currently selected device(s). See Chapter 2.3 below for more information on groups.

  Group Devices: 围绕当前选择的设备创建一个新组.参看章2.3以下的更多群组信息

  Copy & Paste: You may cut, copy, and paste any set of devices you wish with the standard Windows keyboard shortcuts (Ctrl-X, Ctrl-C, and Ctrl-V respectively).

  Copy & Paste:你可以剪贴,复制,粘贴通过设置设备的快捷键(Ctrl-X, Ctrl-C, and Ctrl—V)

 

displayed

  Terrain Hints:World Machine allows you to provide a hint as to how the heightfield should be displayed. The two options are to display the output as a terrain or a mask; you should choose whichever option makes the most sense for the device in question. Many devices will automatically flag their output appropriately.

  Terrain Hints:World Machine允许你去规定一个提示关于如何显示这个“heightfield”(暂译:高度场).其中有两个选项是一是显示为地形输出,二是显示为遮罩输出;你应该根据设备的问题选择合理的选项.很多设备都会自动标记他们合适的输出

  2.3 Wires and Routing线和路线

  

Wires and Routing

  New to World Machine 2.2 is the concept of wire routing. By clicking and dragging on a wire, you can change where in the device workview it is located, allowing you to organize your network for a clearer understanding of its operation.

  对于World Machine 2.2来说布线仅仅是个概念.通过点击和拖动电线,你可以改变它在设备工作视图上的位置,以便让你更清楚的组织你的网路并操作它.

  The mouse cursor is highlighted when you are atop a wire that can be dragged to create a routing point. Left-dragging the mouse will position a new routing point.

  当你鼠标光标放在一条线路上是,线路高亮显示.拖拽可以创建一个线路点.左键拖动线路点可以重新定位线路点.

  Adjacent routing points can be merged together into a single point by dragging one atop the other. In addition, you may start wiring by left-clicking on a routing point, or attach a wire by ending a wire operation on one.

  相邻线路点可以通过拖放合成一个单一的点.此外,你可以通过单击鼠标左键开始在线路点上布线,或在此线上附加令一条线来操作.

  Right-clicking on a wire will bring up the wire context menu:

  右键单击线路将出现上下文菜单:

  

Right-clicking

  ● Clear route points: This wire is removed from any routing points it runs through. Routing points are deleted unless they are shared.

  ● 清除线路点.这条线它穿过的任意线路点都会被移除,除非他们是共享的.

  

Clear route points

  ● Delete wire: The wire is removed from the device world, disconnecting the associated devices. Whereas right-clicking on a routing point will bring up the route point menu:

  ●删除线路:线路从设备中移除,设备间的联系也将会被切断,右键点击线路点弹出线路菜单:

  ● Remove route point: The routing point is removed. Connected wires are not deleted.

  ● 移除线路点: 线路点被移除. 连接线不会被删除.

  ● Disconnect wires: All wires through this routing point are deleted.

  ● 断开线路:所有经过此线路的线路点都将被删除.

  ● Release from routing : The selected wire is removed from the routing point but not deleted.

  ● 解除线路.选定的线路从线路点上移除.但不会删除这个线路

  2.4 Groups

  Groups are a way to logically organize your device network. Groups are named, and you can add a description to annotate a particular set of operations.

  组可以从逻辑上组织你的设备网.组被命名是,你可以添加一个描述来注释一个特定的设置操作

  

Groups

  Group Creation

  创建组

  To create a group, you have two options:

   有两个创建组的方法:

  ● Select a number of devices, then right click on them and choose "Create Group" from the context menu.

  ● 先选择许多的设备,然后从右键菜单中选择"Create Group" 来创建组.

  ● Use the Grouping Tool to draw a group in the device workview (described below)

  ● 在设备视图中用组工具绘制一个组(描述下面)

  Group Manipulation

  组操作

  

Group Manipulation

  When you move a group, all the devices inside of it are moved as well. Moving a solid group will push all other solid groups encountered out of the way.

  当你移除一个组时,所有在组里的设备都会被移除.移除一个实体组,就会由内而外的影响另一个组.

  Solid vs Floating Groups

  实体组和浮动组

  Floating groups, on the other hand, will not interact with other groups in any way, and so are very useful for text annotations. A solid group has a solid border. A floating group has a dashed border.

  浮动组,从另一方面来说,将不会以任何方式与其他组结合,因此它非常的有用对于文字语法注释.实体组有一个实线边框.浮动组有一个虚线边框.

  Editing a Group

  编辑一个组

  

Editing a Group

  To edit a group's properties, double click on the group to open the Group Settings dialog:

  编辑组的属性,可以通过双击组打开组设置对话框:

  This dialog allows you to set a group's name, text, color, and floating status. You can also set the transparency of the group color with the spin button to the right of the color.

  对话框可以设置组的名字,文本,颜色,浮动状态.你也可以设置组颜色的透明度通过选择颜色表右侧的颜色

  2.5 The Device Toolbar设备工具栏

  

Device Toolbar

  The device toolbar consists of the Tools section, the Macro and Favorites section, and an additional set of tabs organizing all of the available devices by a number of different schemes.

  设备工具栏有一节节工具组成,宏,收藏夹和附加的设置面板组成了所有设备的不同方案.

  ● Sort by Data Type: Creates several tabs based upon the data type; For example, Heightfield versus Bitmap.

  ● 按数据类型排序:创建多个基于数据类型的选项卡;例如,相对于位图的高度场

  ● Sort by Device Type: Creates tabs based upon the device type; For example, Generators, and Filters.

  ● 按设备类型排序:创建基于设备类型的选项卡;例如,生成器和滤镜.

  ● Set Favorites: Enter the Define Favorites dialog, described below.

  ● 设置收藏夹:输入定义收藏夹对话,详情如下.

  ● Grouping Tool: The grouping tool allows you to create groups by visually drawing their extents into the workspace. To use, simply select it then drag a selection around the area you wish to group in the workspace.

  ● 组工具:组工具可以使你去创建组,通过直观的画出他们在视图中的范围.用处是,简单的将其选中,在工作视图中拖拽出一个你希望的区域

2.5.1 Favorites List收藏夹列表

You can define a "Favorites" section of the toolbar to contain a custom toolbar of your most frequently used devices. To define the favorite devices, click on "Define Favorites List" button from the Tools section of the toolbar, bringing up the menu below:

你可以自定义一个收藏夹从工具栏中选择你经常使用的设备.对于经常使用的设备,从工具栏选择点击自定义收藏夹列表按钮,将会呼出以下菜单:

Favorites List

To add a device to the toolbar, find it in the list of all devices on the left side, then click the righttransfer button (>>) to add it to the favorites.

添加设备到工具栏,在左侧所有设备列表中找出你要添加的设备,然后点击这个(>>) 按钮,添加到收藏夹.

Similarily, to remove a device from the favorites, select it and push the left-transfer button.

反之,要从收藏夹移除设备,选择该设备按下左箭头按钮.,

The selected devices will appear under the "Favorites" section of the toolbar.

选定的设备将显示在"Favorites"工具栏的下面.